The balcony is the part of the house where you spend time with your loved ones. One way to refresh your balcony and turn it into the perfect place to rest and relax is to add some of your favourite outdoor plants.
To create a garden on the balcony you need to consider some of the following tips:
The choice of plants depends mainly on the external conditions as the location plays a vital role. Pay attention to how much sunlight your balcony receives at different times of the day. Some balconies may also have full shade. Make sure you read the label or description of your plant to know if it will thrive in your lighting conditions.
If your balcony is protected from the rain do not forget to water the plants on a regular basis. Keep in mind that pots made of porous materials, such as ceramic or terracotta, dry faster because water evaporates quickly from them while plastic or metal pots dry more slowly.
If your balcony is in a place that has a lot of wind then choose a heavy pot of terracotta or ceramic to plant your plant. Plastic flower pots are the best choice if you do not have a lot of wind on the balcony. Plastic pots are lighter so it is also much easier to move them and place your plant in the sunlight.
Regardless of the shape, size or sunshine of your balcony you can find one or more plants that will beautify your space.
Find below some of the best plants for balconies, which you can easily grow!
Elephant Ear plant
Want to add a tropical feel to your balcony? Then the Elephant ear plant with the impressively large leaves in the shape of a heart is the right plant for you. You will find this plant in different shades from green and white to dark purple and since it reaches 2 meters in height it will beautifully decorate your balcony.
Place this plant in an area that is completely sunny. Choose a spot that is very moist and has sunlight. The soil should not be particularly well drained, but should be rich and deep. Water the elephant ear plant at least once a day.
As it is a tropical plant, it means it loves moisture so it needs moist but not wet soil. Plan to water it every morning after first checking the soil to see if it is dry. Water the soil around the roots of the plant, not the leaves.
During the winter months you should move the plant indoors. It is one of the plants that also work well as an indoor plant all year round.
Ivy is a classic and favourite plant of European origin. It is a climbing shrub with suction roots that can be hooked anywhere, so it is ideal for covering pergolas, fences, walls or railings. It has very fast growth and impresses with its dark green or greenish-yellow foliage consisting of trilobite or pentagonal leaves.
It can also be used as an indoor plant as it has the ability to remove chemical elements that may contain the atmosphere of your home.
Extremely hardy plant that adapts to all conditions, ivy can withstand both low winter temperatures and high summer temperatures.
It has moderate watering requirements and prefers well-drained, neutral or alkaline soils. Watering should be done after the soil has dried, without retaining moisture, while it will need relative fertilization, two to three times a year.
It is a plant that loves moisture so it is good to spray its foliage with small amounts of water at regular intervals.
Hibiscus is an ornamental shrub native to East Asia and mainly China. The exotic flowers and rich colours of hibiscus create a beautiful addition to a garden or balcony adding a tropical touch to your decor.
In traditional Chinese medicine it belongs to the healing herbs. In the cosmetics industry it is used for hair and skin care, while in the food industry it flavours tea and fruit juices and in some areas is consumed in salads.
Hibiscus is considered an easy to grow plant without special requirements.
It is planted in sunny places while it can withstand even more shady places but its flowering will not be so rich. It needs protection from strong winds; otherwise it loses its foliage and can be completely destroyed. It is a sensitive plant to the cold as when the temperature drops below -2 to -4oC it will freeze, so it is good in areas with low temperatures in winter to be placed indoors.
It needs regular watering, especially in summer time during the flowering period.
In high temperatures you will need to water it daily while once the weather cools down, it will need less water.
Aloe is a succulent plant native to the Arabian Peninsula, but it grows very easily in tropical and subtropical climates around the world.
The healing and cosmetic properties of aloe have been known to ancient peoples for more than 3,000 years. The gel from its leaves is an excellent wound healer, but also a healer of burns, which come mainly from hot liquids and the sun.
You can easily place it on the balcony as it is an easy and useful plant that does not need special care. Place the aloe in sunny and bright places on the balcony. It can be damaged at temperatures below -5oC. The best growth temperatures of the plant are 20-25oC.
Its special ability to retain water is what helps it survive in extreme weather conditions of drought and high temperatures.
Aloe needs minimal water, so make sure watering is done once a week. It is not endangered by parasites, only fungi, and this, if you water it more often than necessary.
Rose is one of the most popular plants in the world. There are many varieties of these plants, with flowers in different colours, and in different types such as dwarf, climbing, shrubby or arboreal that you can place in your garden or on the balcony and enjoy its wonderful flowers and aromas.
Make sure it gets at least six hours of sunshine for best blooms. The rose prefers a sunny position and makes sure it receives at least 6 hours of sunshine a day. But even in a semi-shady position, the rose can survive and give us enough flowers. Be sure to place it in a place protected from strong north winds and frost.
The rose requires regular watering from mid-spring and especially during the summer months. Care must be taken in soil drainage. It is good after watering to dig the soil to remove weeds and good aeration of the soil.
Pruning the rose is one of the most basic things you need to do for the good growth and great flowering of the rose.
Lavender is a perennial plant that blooms for a long time and offers us a wonderful aroma and has insect repellent properties. It is associated with freshness and purity. Its scent soothes, cleans the air and relieves tension after a hard day.
It thrives best in sunny conditions in well-drained soils. Lavender is extremely drought tolerant and does not tolerate excessive moisture and lubrication. Common lavender can withstand up to -15οC. In autumn they should be pruned to maintain their shape and encourage new growth. They grow well in pots and planters.
In addition, an alkaline soil rich in organic matter can encourage higher production of its flowers, enhancing its aroma
You should cut or prune the plant to make it look beautiful and encourage new growth.
Herbs are the perfect addition to any balcony because in addition to offering beauty and aroma you can use them for cooking whenever you want or for their medicinal properties. Some of the herbs like mint and rosemary also act as insect repellents.
Some herbs need sun to grow while growing well in a shady location.
For the balconies that are sunny a pot with basil, rosemary, thyme and sage are good choices while for shady balconies you can choose dill, parsley and coriander.
These plants are sensitive to a lot of moisture, as their roots rot easily. Always make sure the soil is slightly moist before watering. It is better to water frequently with a small amount of water, every time you see the soil dry. Usually in spring and autumn water 1 or 2 times a week, while in summer with high temperatures 2 or 3 times.
Hydrangeas with their wonderful and impressive flowers, in blue, purple, pink, red or white shades will give colour and beauty to your garden and balcony. Whether in the sun or in the shade, hydrangeas are durable and easy to care for, as long as you keep them well watered.
Hydrangeas love the warm morning sun, but they do not like the heat of the afternoon. The best place to plant hydrangeas is in a sheltered location with sunny mornings and shady afternoons.
Hydrangeas grow well in soil that contains organic elements and in pots with holes because good drainage is vital. Water the hydrangea when the soil surface begins to dry.
Hydrangeas may not bloom in the first year. They begin the normal flowering cycle when they are 2 years old.
Gardenia is one of the most popular potted plants with amazingly fragrant flowers and bright, dark green leaves.
This plant loves light but not direct contact with the sun's rays while it can survive without being seen by the sun but with enough natural light. It usually blooms in spring and summer but with proper care it can bloom all year round!
Gardenia needs enough water during the summer months as it likes moisture but not stagnant water. The pot must have very good drainage. You better use distilled water.
Gardenias grow and bloom better when temperatures range between 15 and 24 ° C. Intense temperature changes do not favour flowering and the buds fall off before they even bloom!
Jasmine is one of the favourite climbing plants that can be placed on a wall, fence, pergola or railing creating a fantastic balcony or garden full of colours and aromas.
With flowering beginning in early spring until the first cold of winter, it needs a sunny or semi-shady place to bloom. If you choose a south orientation on your balcony, the jasmine will reward you with even richer flowering.
It needs frequent watering during the summer months, especially if it is planted in a pot and makes sure that the soil is dry and drains well.
It is resistant to heat and drought, but you need to protect it as it is sensitive to frost and strong north winds.
Bulbs are plants that do not have large roots so they are ideal to thrive and bloom in pots. You can find seasonal plants in bulbs in a wide range of shades so that you have colour and freshness on your balcony all months of the year.
Flower bulbs are divided into two categories:
These are some of the most popular types of plants grown in gardens, terraces or a balcony. Be sure to follow the appropriate tips for their proper development and you will enjoy them on your balcony for many years.
If you want to renew your balcony or buy new plants that will beautifully decorate your space, then all you have to do is take a look at our collection of indoor and outdoor plants at anthemionflowers and find the one that will perfectly match your style.